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Dental medical examination:

When we first meet the patient we make a thorough, general examination of the oral cavity (including cancer screening). After recording the data in our computer we make a treatment plan and inform the patient about the expected costs considering the patient’s wants and requirements as well.

In order to make a diagnosis digital and panoramic x-rays are made. For patients who choose to undergo our treatments the expenses of paid or charged examinations can be deduced from the further costs.

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Fillings, inlays:

Light-curing dental fillings:
- aesthetic, can be applied to almost any kinds of cavities, might need replacement in 5-6 years but if the patient’s oral hygiene is appropriate it may last up to 10 years

gold inlay:
- it has proven to be the best professional solution for many decades, but it is not considered to be aesthetic so we recommend this type of inlay, onlay for the>
E-max (press ceramic):
- hard, lasting, closes precisely, restoration cannot be detected after the adhesive is applied.

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Root Canal Treatment:

If possible we do it in one sitting, we measure the length of the root canal, applying an apexlocator to prevent the unnecessary x-ray radiation dose for our patients.

we applay the so-called one step technology for the obturation of root-canal, which means that a heating device heats the surface of the root canal filling material, this way enabling it to close the side canals which may be present better.

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Most of the time they are applied on the upper front teeth because of aesthetic reasons. E.g.
- not very aesthetic shape of the teeth
- enamel problems
- gap between the teeth which cannot be corrected with orthodontics

Material: perfectly true-to-nature press ceramic

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We apply shoulder preparation so that the ready tooth will not irritate the tissues which hold it.

Material of crowns:
- metal ceramics
- e-max and zirconium.

We prepare a crown if the tooth is in such bad condition that it cannot be restored with fillings either aesthetically or functionally. Or we polish teeth in order to prepare a pillar for a bridge.

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- metal ceramics
- zirconium

A special method is a bridge built on implants. It can be fixed with adhesives or with screws, which can be removed any time.

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Parodontology, oral hygiene treatment

- removing plaque with ultrasound devices and hand instruments.
- treatment of pockets using curettage and local antiseptic and antibiotic treatment
- open curettage and exposure
- sandblasting
- training our patients for high quality dental care at home
- eliminating gum bleeding using professional methods of removing plaque – we treat this disease with local and general medication.

Surgery of the gum:
The wedge shaped retraction of the attached gingiva can be detected even at patients whose teeth are otherwise intact, which can be conspicuous at the upper front teeth. But it can be present in other teeth as well and it has unpleasant consequences: first the open dental neck becomes sensitive to every kind of stimuli then a wedge shaped retraction takes shape with quite a lot of negative consequences the worst of which can be the inflammation of the pulp of the teeth and the necrosis of the teeth.

With surgery a long-term change and healing can be achieved. The operation lasts for an hour or one and a half hours, is a pain-free treatment and can be performed in local anaesthesia.

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If the crown breaks we stick a metal cast post core into the dental root after having applied root canal filling to it. Then we prepare a metal ceramic, a metal free press ceramic or a zirconium crown onto it.

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Removable dentures:
If a patient has no remaining teeth the preparation of a whole removable denture is inevitable. In this case an impression is made of the toothless jaw and after the patient had the chance to try the denture on twice before they can get the aesthetically absolutely perfect dental prosthesis. It takes about 1-2 weeks to prepare it. Implantation certainly can be considered even after having a removable denture, but its costs are much higher.

Immediat-insertion denture:
In this case we extract the remaining, loose teeth which cannot be saved when the whole denture is ready.

Combined denture:
We put crowns onto the remaining teeth and the removable denture can be attached to them with hidden retainers. This type of solution gives the impression as if the patient had his own original teeth.

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Oral surgery:

Surgical tooth extraction:
We use surgery for extracting a tooth if it is impossible to extract the tooth or the roots with forceps. In a case like this first we prepare a mucous- periosteal membrane lobe in complete local anaesthesia thus making the surface of the bone free then drilling the appropriate quantity of the bone we make the root reachable so that it could be extracted or tipped out with forceps or a dental elevator.

Root apex amputation:
It can happen that a chronic inflammation is present around the root apex which cannot be cured even though the root filling is all right. In this case the surgical removal of the presumably septic root apex is necessary.

Surgical removal of cysts:
A radicular cyst is an epithelial sac in the jaw bone which contains fluid. It can only be removed surgically. It can develop again if it is not removed perfectly and part of its wall remains in the bone. That is why careful and thorough surgery is needed when removing it.

Sinus Lifting for Implantation:
After extracting premolars and molars the tooth socket bone can be absorbed so much because of the lack of proper use that there is no sufficient amount of bone left for the insertion of implants. In this case we prepare a bone window on the wall of the sinus maxillaris and fill part of the sinus maxillaris with autotransplanting the patient’s own bone or using synthetic bone which integrates in a few months and then will be able to hold the implant inserted.

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Implant material:
We use only implants made of titanium.

We use Nobel Biocare implants which we consider to be the best, but if required we might use cheaper ones as well such as Pitt-Easy or Replant implants.

Navigated surgery:
Based on a CT scan we prepare a model with the help of a computer. Using this model the dentist drills the place of the implants without surgical exploration according to size, depth and diameter. After inserting the implants we can make a prothesis immediately if needed.

Immediate implantation:
If the circumstances are favourable in the dental alveolus we can do the implantation immediately after the tooth extraction and the structure of the implant – implant head and crown - can be built very soon.

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Children’s Dentistry

Sealing of pit and fissure:
Permanent molars which begin to erupt from the age of six are liable to caries because the pits and fissures in the occlusal surface of the teeth are deep and cannot be properly cleaned with a toothbrush. That is why we fill the pits and fissures of the teeth with a fluid containing fluoride which makes the enamel of the teeth resistant to caries and after applying it the surface of the teeth will not be suitable for the accumulation of plaque.

During this treatment we apply jelly which contains fluoride onto the teeth with the help of a special horseshoe shaped spoon. Using micro current we make fluoride get into the enamel of the teeth. The fluoride in the tooth enamel prevents caries of the teeth.
From age 6 to age 12 we use this method for prevention. For grown ups this treatment is good for eliminating cervical hypersensitivity.

Myotrainer appliances:
T4K trainer is a universal appliance made of soft plastic and can be used before orthodontics. It improves endognathion in the case of transitional dentition, the position of the jaw bones related to each other, the deformations caused by oral breathing, sucking of the thumb and tongue thrust swallowing. There is no need for an impression and it can be used from age 6 to age 12.

Because the size of milk teeth is small, caries reaches the pulp of the teeth quickly. That is why it is very important to detect initial caries and to put a filling into the decayed surface. We generally apply light-cured resin composites in the colour of the teeth for this purpose.

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Other treatments:

Bite-guards /NTI-tss/:
It is generally a relatively small appliance for the lower teeth prepared by dentists. Through reflex mechanism it is able to prevent squeezing of the teeth and relaxes the mascitatory muscles.

Treatment of jaw bone joint problems:
In the background of jaw bone joint problems many reasons can be detected, that is why the traditional symptomatic treatments (medicines, laser) do not guarantee long time improvement for the patient. First with thorough examination of the patient (manually and with x-ray) we must find out what the causes of the symptoms are. The next step is the specific therapy. A very common cause can be nocturnal squeezing and pressing which can be stopped by preparing a bite-guard appliance and using it regularly at night. Jaw bone joint pain can also be caused by strong dental abrasion, not proper prosthesis, or an old complete denture abraded smooth by usage. In cases like these, a professionally prepared denture will put an end to the complaints. Finally, we also mention the pathologic mouth opening for the treatment of which we have a special method.

Laser treatment:
Three occasions of laser treatment can cure herpeses and aphthae and can heal certain jaw bone joint problems, Laser treatment can speed up the healing of wounds after surgery it reduces oedemae has an anti-inflammatory effect and can relieve pain.